The topic of Homer’s shield created by Hephaistos for Achilles has captured the imaginations of scholars, students, civilians, and warriors throughout the ages.

The following bibliography represents the resources utilized in this reconstruction of Achilles’ shield but is in no way a complete representation of great works regarding this amazing topic.

(Author’s Note: This content is significantly updated and expanded in my new book, Reconstructing the Shield of Achilles, now available on!)


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Altschuler, Eric Lewin. “Linguistic evidence supports date for Homeric epics”, – Altschuler – 2013 – BioEssays – Wiley Online Library. 2013-02-18. Retrieved 2015-12-07, 2017-03-02.

Arieti, James A. “Achilles’ Guilt” Classical Journal Vol. 80/No. 3. Classical Association of the Middle West and South, Inc., 1985.

Atchity, Kenneth J. “Homer’s Iliad: The Shield of Memory”. Carbondale, Southern Illinois University Press, 1978.

Beazley, J. and Ashmole, B. Greek Sculpture and Painting. Cambridge: The University Press, 1966.

Beazley, J. D. The Development of Attic Black-figure. Berkeley: The University of California Press, 1986.

Boardman, John. Athenian Black Figure Vases. New York: Oxford University Press, 1974.

Brilliant, Richard. Art of the Ancient Greeks. New York: McGraw Hill Book Co.

Buschor, Ernst. Greek Vase Painting. London: Chatto and Windus, 1921.

Carpenter, Thomas. Dionysian Imagery in Archaic Greek Art. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Chadwick, John. Linear B and Related Scripts. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1987.

Clarke, Howard. Homer’s Readers. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 1981.

Cook, Brian F. Metropolitan Museum of Art Papers – Inscribed Hadra Vases. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1966.

Cook, R. M. Greek Art – Its Development, Character and Influence. New York: Farran, Straus and Ginnix, 1972.

Crawford, M. and Whitehead, D. Archaic and Classical Greece. Cambridge: University Press, 1983.

Durant, Will. The Life of Greece. New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc, 1939.

Edwards, M. Homer: Poet of the Iliad. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1987

Ferrucci, Franco. The Poetics of Disguise. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1980.

Finley, M. I. Economy and Society in Ancient Greece. New York: The Viking Press, 1981.

Fitzgerald, Robert. Translation of the Iliad by Homer. Gardencity: Anchor Books, 1975.

Fitzgerald, Robert. Translation of the Odyssey by Homer. Gardencity: Anchor Books, 1963.

Folsom, Attic Black-Figured Pottery. New Jersey: Noyes Press, 1975.

Fowler, H. and Wheeler, J. A Handbook of Greek Archaeology. New York: American Book Co., 1909.

Gardner, Ernest A. Poet and Artist in Greece. London: Duckworth, 1933.

Gernet, Louis. The Anthropology of Ancient Greece. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1981.


Hogan, James C. A Guide to the Iliad. New York: Anchor Books, 1979. 7:Page 240.

Homan-Wedeking, E. The Art of Archaic Greece. New York: Crown Publishers, 1966.

Jaeger, Cf. Paideia: The Ideals of Greek Culture vol. 1. New York: Oxford University Press, 1945.

Jebb, Sir Richard Claverhouse. The Complete Plays of Sophocles. New York: Bantam Books, Inc., 1967. Online version of Jebb’s Ajax

Karouzou, Dr. Semni National Museum – Illustrated Guide to the Museum. Athens: Ekdotike Athenon S.A., 1985.

Lattimore, Richmond. The Iliad of Homer. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1951.

Metropolitan Museum of Art. Greek Art of the Aegean Islands. New York: Museum catalog of exhibition, 1979-1980.

Mingazzini, Paolino. Greek Pottery Painting. London: P. Hamlyn, 1969.

Mireaux, Emile. Daily Life in the Time of Homer. New York: MacMillan and Company, Ltd., 1959.

Nagy, Greg. Homer the Preclassic, esp. Chapter 2, I 2ⓢ2. The making of Homeric verse in the Life of Homer traditions. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2010.

Nagy, Greg. Homeric Responses, esp. Chap. 4, The Shield of Achilles: Ends of the Iliad and Beginnings of the Polis. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2003.

New Orleans Museum of Art. Greek Vases from Southern Collections. New Orleans: Franklin Printing Co., Inc., 1981.

Owen, S. T. The Story of the Iliad. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1966.

Payne, Robert. Ancient Greece. New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1964.

Pfuhl, Ernst. Masterpieces of Greek Drawing and Painting. New York: Hacker Art Books, 1979.

Rees, Ennis. The Iliad of Homer. New York: The Modern Library, 1963.

Richter, Gisela M. A. A Handbook of Greek Art. London: The Phaidon Press, 1963.

Rieu, R. V. Translation of the Iliad by Homer. Baltimore: Penguin Books, 1966.

Robinson, C. E. Everyday Life in Ancient Greece. Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1933.

Stobart, J. C. The Glory that was Greece. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, 1969.

Trypanis, Constatine A. The Penguin Book of Greek Verse. Middlesex: Penguin Books, Ltd., 1971.

Vidal-Naquet, Pierre. Le monde d’Homère (The World of Homer), Perrin, 2000

VonBothmer, Dietrich. The Amasis Painter and His World. New York: Thames and Hudson, Ltd., 1985.

Webster, T. B. L. From Mycenae to Homer. London: Methuen and Company, Ltd., 1977.

This is an original digitally enhanced and colorized renovation of a 19th century b&w engraving by O. Von Corven entitled, "The Great Library of Alexandria." Source: Wikimedia Commons

Digitally enhanced and colorized renovation by K. Vail of a 19th-century b&w engraving by O. Von Corven entitled, “The Great Library of Alexandria.”
Source: Wikimedia Commons