III. Middle Ring: WARTIME


III.   The Middle Ring of Achilles’ Shield:   WARTIME

III.1:   CITY UNDER SIEGE

Middle Ring: CITY UNDER SIEGE. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: CITY UNDER SIEGE. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“Wartime, next, in the other city, displayed in preparations:
Two columns of well-armed troops surrounded the walls of a city for sieging.
But they disagreed on the plan of action; some wished to conquer completely,
While others wished to negotiate peace and set terms for half the town’s treasure.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 509-512, Vail’s translation]

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III.2:   ARMING FOR A RAID

Middle Ring: ARMING FOR A RAID. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: ARMING FOR A RAID. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“The townsmen were hungry, but bowing to neither, they quickly armed for a raid.
Women and children kept watch from the walls, with men too old or disabled.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 513-515, Vail’s translation]

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III.3:   ARES AND ATHENA LEAD THE RAID

Middle Ring: ARES AND ATHENA LEAD THE RAID. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail  © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: ARES AND ATHENA LEAD THE RAID. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“The men filed out through a secret gate led by Ares and Athena.
So splendidly armed were these glorious two, ornate in immortal gold,
That men were small in comparison and humbly marched behind them.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 516-519, Vail’s translation]

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III.4:   WARRIORS HIDING

Middle Ring: WARRIORS HIDING. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail  © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: WARRIORS HIDING. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“When the warriors came to their ambush point, a stream where flocks were watered,
They hid together among bronze hills and stationed two lookouts at hand.
There the two hid, awaiting the sight of the sheep and the curving-horned cattle.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 520-524, Vail’s translation]

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III.5:   PEACEFUL HERDSMEN

Middle Ring: PEACEFUL HERDSMEN. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail  © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: PEACEFUL HERDSMEN. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“Then the flocks and herds both came in view, followed by two men piping.
In peace they trailed behind their beasts, with no hint of the imminent danger.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 525-526, Vail’s translation]

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III.6:   THE RAIDING PARTY ATTACKS

Middle Ring: THE RAIDING PARTY ATTACKS. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail  © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: THE RAIDING PARTY ATTACKS. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“In a sudden rush the signal blared and the raiding troop surprised them.
Quickly they killed both herdsmen at once, and captured the frightened beasts.
Then guiding the straying silver-grey sheep, others quickly regrouped the flocks.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 527-529, Vail’s translation]

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III.7:   THE TROOPS ARE ALERTED

Middle Ring: THE TROOPS ARE ALERTED. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail  © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: THE TROOPS ARE ALERTED. From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“The troops at the city walls heard the sounds of lowing and stampeding cattle,
So climbing behind their brisk-trotting steeds, they raced their chariots onward.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 530-532, Vail’s translation]

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III.8:   BATTLE!

Middle Ring: BATTLE! From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail  © All Rights Reserved

Middle Ring: BATTLE! From the Shield of Achilles by Kathleen Vail
© All Rights Reserved

“Upon the riverbanks fighting began as foes threw spears at each other.
Then Strife and Tumult entered the skirmish, together with terrible Fate,
Who kept barely living a man with wounds, and preserved another unwounded;
And yet another she grasped by the foot and dragged him to death in the clamor.
Fate wore a cloak fully covered in blood, and appeared a gruesome figure,
And the warriors fought as in real war and pulled their dead away.”

[Homer’s Iliad, Book 18, Lines 533-540, Vail’s translation]

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Continue to IV. Outer Ring: PEACETIME

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